Siddhartha: An Archetypal Path Towards Self Realization

A need exists in analytical psychology for an elaborated developmental perspective. This theoretical dissertation, based on a literary case study and hermeneutic analysis of Hermann Hesse’s novel, Siddhartha, sought to understand the developmental sequence the protagonist of the same name underwent to become an individuated being. I showed that core archetypal themes, particularly the mother, father, divine child, ego, wildman, anima, shadow, sage, and a divine concept of an eminent God drove the individuation sequence the protagonist underwent as it was portrayed in Hesse’s story. By correlating the themes present in the story to the theory of archetypes proposed by Carl Jung, I provided a theoretical outline of the process a maturing individual undertakes to become individuated. I further correlated the emergent archetypal theory of development to traditional psychoanalytic paradigms of development, including Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, and object relations theory. By providing an outline for a developmental sequence based on the theory of archetypes developed by Carl Jung, I expanded upon the literature base of both analytical and developmental psychologies.

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