Echo and Narcissus: Towards an Ecological Understanding of the Narcissism and Healthy Ego Development

Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes. (Carl Gustav Jung) Narcissism has recently become a booming topic of discussion both amongst professionals in the psychological community and the public at large. The well known psychological publication, Psychology Today, offers a myriad of information, advice, and even tests to find out if you are dating a… Continue Reading


Siddhartha: Archetypal Themes of Healthy Psychological Adolescent Development

Adolescence emerges from an array of bio-psychosocial factors. While puberty occurs during adolescence, social factors also place increased pressure on children to become more oriented to adult capacities. It is common for adolescents to question the lessons they were taught during early childhood life; cognitively, independent thought comes online in conjunction with the physiological maturation… Continue Reading


Early Childhood: Analytical Psychology & Perspectives and Early Psychosocial Development

During his lifetime, Erik Erikson produced a vitally important theory of psychological development. Psychosocial theory expanded on Freud’s concept of psychosexual development, explored the overall development of a person throughout the lifespan, and provided a means in which to understand normal versus arrested development during specific psychological stages. In this essay, I will explore Early… Continue Reading


Hermann Hesse’s Siddhartha & Psychoanalytic Perspectives of Childhood Development

Sigmund Freud (1917/1966) developed a theory about autoerotic zones that affect the development of children until early adult life. While Freud’s stage theory ends with the emergence of young adult life, these stages coalesce into an adult personality that is ready to fulfill the primary life task of reproduction. Freud based the theory of autoeroticism… Continue Reading