Depth Psychology: Monistic & Dualistic Theories of Consciousness (Introduction)

Introduction The science of consciousness is a subject that has repercussions for various academic disciplines including, but not limited to the physical and medical sciences, mathematics, philosophy, ethics, psychology, sociology, history, and theology.  The reason consciousness studies transcend nearly every academic discipline is because its definition is linked to every aspect of human awareness.  The… Continue Reading


Carl Jung, Psychosocial Development, and Early Adult Life

Psychosocial theory, like psychosexual theory, divides childhood into five distinct stages. Erikson’s fourth stage of development occurs during primary school years (6-12 years of age), centers on the psychosocial crisis of industry versus inferiority, and runs parallel to latency. During this stage, the superego further adapts to social expectations. Children during this stage learn the… Continue Reading


Early Childhood: Analytical Psychology & Perspectives and Early Psychosocial Development

During his lifetime, Erik Erikson produced a vitally important theory of psychological development. Psychosocial theory expanded on Freud’s concept of psychosexual development, explored the overall development of a person throughout the lifespan, and provided a means in which to understand normal versus arrested development during specific psychological stages. In this essay, I will explore Early… Continue Reading


Hermann Hesse’s Siddhartha & Psychoanalytic Perspectives of Childhood Development

Sigmund Freud (1917/1966) developed a theory about autoerotic zones that affect the development of children until early adult life. While Freud’s stage theory ends with the emergence of young adult life, these stages coalesce into an adult personality that is ready to fulfill the primary life task of reproduction. Freud based the theory of autoeroticism… Continue Reading